FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO MORTALITY DUE TO ACUTE STROKE IN HOSPITALIZED PATIENTS

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background: Stroke is the 3rd commonest cause of death and the first leading cause of disability in developed and
developing countries. Most strokes are caused by an abrupt blockage of arteries leading to the brain (ischemic stroke).
Other strokes are caused by bleeding into brain tissue when a blood vessel bursts (hemorrhagic stroke). Because
stroke occurs rapidly and requires immediate treatment, stroke is also called a brain attack. When the symptoms of a
stroke last only a short time (less than 24 hours), this is called a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or mini-stroke. The study
was done with an objective to determine factors contributing to mortality due to acute stroke in hospitalized patients.
Materials and methods: In this descriptive cross sectional study, all patients with ischemic/hemorrhagic stroke,, Age
group 15-80 years, patients of either gender with a sample of 139 patients who were admitted in medical ‘A’ unit of
Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad from 1st September 2011 to 29th February 2012.
Results: A total of 139 patients with age ranging from 15 to 80 years (mean age was 59.65±11.226 years) were included
in the study. Seventy eight (56.1%) were male and sixty two (43.9%) were female patients. Ischemic stroke was found
in 89(64.0%) and hemorrhagic stroke in 50(36.0%) patients with 19(13.7%) mortalities during hospital stay.
Conclusion: All the participants of this study were stroke patients. Stroke was seen among the patients with Hemorrhagic
and Ischemic. Higher proportion of patients with Ischemic stroke were more hypertensive than hemorrhagic
stroke patients.
Key words: Risk factors, Strokes, (Ischemic/Hemorrhagic)

Authors: 
Mohammad Bilal Khattak
Zahid Irfan Marwat2
Mohammad Riaz3
Nazir Shah
Muhammad Asim Shahzad

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