FREQUENCY AND RISK FACTORS OF HEPATITIS B AND HEPATITIS C IN PESHAWAR KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA

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Abstract

 

ABSTRACT
Objective: The Purpose of this research work was to study the Prevalence of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C and associated
risk factors in Peshawar Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Materials and Methods: A total of 180 individuals were randomly selected and tested for Hepatitis B surface antigen
and Hepatitis C antibody on Immunochromatographic technique (ICT) and positive samples were also confirmed on
Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA).
Results: Out of 180 individuals 5 (2.77%) were found positive for Hepatitis B Virus (HBV). These 5 cases had history of
surgery (20%), blood transfusion (20%), and unknown reason (60%). The ratio of male to female in the positive cases
of HBV was 4:1. While amongst 180 individuals 9 (5%) were positive for Hepatitis C virus (HCV). These 9 cases had
different histories of dental treatment (33.3%), traveled abroad (11.1%), surgery (22.2%), blood transfusion (11.1%) and
unknown reason (22.2%). The ratio of male to female in the positive cases of HCV was 7.7:2.2.
Conclusion: The study concluded that considerable prevalence of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C was present in Peshawar
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The ratio of male patients was higher than female in case of both diseases
Authors: 
Muhammadan1 Naom
Muhammad Medrar Hussain1 Medrar Hussain1,
Ghadir Ali1
Muhammad Saqib Ishaq1
Muhammad
Khan1
Mian M Salman2
Amir Muhammad3
Khalid Javed3
Arshad Parvez3

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