FREQUENCY OF HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA IN NG FED PATIENTS
Objective: To determine the frequency of hypophosphatemia among patients subjected to naso-gastric tube feeding.
Methodology: This study was conducted in the Department of Medicine Hayatabad Medical complex Hospital Peshawar
from 09 Oct 2015 to 08 Apr 2016 through a descriptive cross sectional Study Design. A total of 174 patients
were enrolled for the study, admitted in medical ward, requiring Nasogastric Feeding for nutrition, for at least 5 days.
Hypophosphatemia was labeled when the phosphate level was below 2.4mg/dl on two or more than two occasions.
Results: The mean age of the patients in our sample was 49.51+15.0 years. Male gender contributed 105 (60.3%) of
the sample while female gender contributed 69 (39.7%) of the sample. Hypophosphatemia was observed in 67 (38.5%)
Conclusion: A considerable number of patients’ hypophosphatemia was noted. The higher risk with NG feeding may be
due to the incretin effect from absorption of glucose. The low phosphate level may lead to life threatening complications.
Key Words: Hypophosphatemia,Frquency, Naso-Gastric Tube, Feeding