PREVALENCE OF ANEMIA IN CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE PATIENTS IN LADY READING HOSPITAL PESHAWAR
Objective: Anemia is most common and its prevalence is increasing as the incidence and prevalence of chronic kidney
diseases are increasing worldwide. The aim of this study was to find the prevalence and pattern of anemia in chronic
kidney disease patients of Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar.
Material and Methods: Six months cross-sectional study of 327 chronic kidney disease patients was conducted in
Medical Department of Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar from July 2015 to December 2015. All the chronic kidney
disease patients who presented with signs and symptoms of chronic kidney diseases were included in the study and
data regarding various variables was collected while patient with age less than 18 and above 80 years were excluded.
Results: Results of 327 chronic kidney disease patients were analyzed as: most of the patients were males n= 231
(70.64%) while females were n=96 (29.36%). Male to female ratio was approximately 1:2.4. The prevalence of anemia
in chronic kidney patients was 48.62% (n=159). In n=112 (34.25%) patients with chronic kidney disease having age
above 50 years had anemia. Among anemic patients (n=159); n=98 (61.64%) had positive history of diabetes mellitus;
n=101 (63.52%) had glomerulonephritis, and n=76 (47.80%) had positive history of hypertension. Among anemic
patients, Stage-I had 10.06% (n=16), Stage-II had 17.72% (n=25), Stage-III had 22.01% (n=35), stage-IV had 23.27%
(n=37) and stage-V had 28.93% (n=46) anemia prevalence.
Conclusion: The prevalence of anemia was quite high (approximately 48.62%) in chronic kidney disease patients
associated with diabetes mellitus, hypertension and glomerulonephritis, and early attention is needed to diagnose and