ROLE OF FLEXIBLE URETERORENOSCOPY WITH HOLMIUM LASERS IN TREATMENT OF 15-20MM LOWER CALYCEAL STONES; AN OPTIMUM TREATMENT MODALITY

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background. Management of lower pole stones has always being a dilemma for every urologist owing to its peculiar anatomic details. Recent advances in endourology have introduced different treatment modalities for these stones. Flexible ureterorenoscope(fURS) with holmium lasers has shown promising results in terms of stone clearance and safety

Authors: 
Nasir Orakzai
Liaqat Ali
Muneeb Hassan
Sikandar Hayat5
Qudratullah

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