SEROPREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS B,C AND HIV INFECTION IN HEALTHY BLOOD DONORS; A SINGLE CENTER STUDY IN PESHAWAR

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Objective: To determine the prevalence of Hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV in healthy blood donors of Peshawar Pakistan.
Materials and Methods:Retrospective study of viral infection in the blood donated by healthy donors. Study period was
from Jan 2016 to Dec 2017. The blood was screened by chemiluminescence technique at Rehman Medical Institute
Peshawar, Pakistan.
Results: Out of the total 11760 blood donors, 338( 2.87%) were positive for various viral infection.1.6% were HBsAg
positive , 1.1% were positive for anti HCV and 0.16% for anti HIV. Out of these 97.7% were male and 2.1% were female.
Average age of these donors was 31 years.HBV infected donors were much younger than HCV positive donors.
Conclusion: A significant number of blood donors are carrier for Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV infections. In order
to supply safe blood to recipient standard protocol for blood donor’s recruitment and strict microbiological screening
of donor’s blood must be acquired. This study also indicates the rise in HBV and HCV seroprevalence in blood donors
and a low prevalence of HIV in KPK population.

Authors: 
Muizz Zahoor2
Saiqa Zahoor1
Khalid khan
Khalid Mehmood2
Mian Mufarih Shah3
Muhammad Zubair Khan3

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