STATUS OF HEPATITIS B VACCINATION AMONG NURSING STAFF OF AYUB TEACHING HOSPITAL, ABBOTTABAD

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study
PLACE AND DURATION: Ayub teaching hospital, Abbottabad, Pakistan from February to August 2016.
METHODOLOGY: After inclusion and exclusion criteria, total of 200 nursing staff were Interviewed through a
Semi-structured pre-tested questionnaire. Data was collected on Non probability convenient sampling and was
analyzed by using SPSS (ver-22).
RESULTS: Among total 200(100%), n=188(94%) were females and n=12(6%) were males with an average age of
28.94 (18min-57max) years. About vaccination status, n=85 (42.5%) completely vaccinated, n=29 (14.5%) partially
vaccinated and n=23(27.05%) had taken a booster as per recommendations. Knowledge item of nursing staff resulted
in n=2 (1.0%) did not know about the importance of vaccination, n=50 (25.5%) considered it not important.
Practice item of total population resulted in n=123 (61.5%) had needle prick, and the majority of them n=80 (40.0%)
used disinfection only. When the status of vaccination of HBV was checked against demographic parameter, a
significant relation was found (p<0.005) except gender.
CONCLUSION: This study concluded that the status of the vaccination is poor among nursing staff. Besides, knowledge
about hepatitis B among nursing staff is inadequate. Measuring anti-HBs titer, administering a vaccination and
a booster dose, and offering general screening for HBs antigen should be made compulsory for HCWs.
Keywords: Nursing Staff, Hepatitis B, Vaccination, Safe Practice

Authors: 
Muhammad Bilal Khattak
Muzafar Islam
Muhammad Junaid Khan3
Sabir Khan Khattak4
Fatima Sherin5
Zahid Irfan Marwat

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