AWARENESS AND ACCEPTANCE OF HUMAN PAPILLOMA VIRUS VACCINATION AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS OF PESHAWAR MEDICAL COLLEGE
Background: Cervical cancer is a great matter of concern all around the globe due to increase incidence of mortality.
Human papilloma virus (HPV) is regarded to be the major causative agent of cervical cancer. Moreover, HPV has been
found to cause sexually transmitted disease not only in women but also in men. As prevention is known to be the best
and better strategy than cure, cervical cancer has been proven to be prevented by HPV vaccine. The current study
was conducted to assess the knowledge, awareness and attitude of senior medical students towards HPV vaccination.
Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire based study was conducted among the fourth and final year medical students
of Peshawar Medical College at Kuwait Teaching Hospital Peshawar.
All the 196 students were included in the study. The data was analyzed in SPSS version 19. Confidentiality of subjects
was assured. The study duration was approximately 4 months.
Results: The response rate was 84.6%. Majority of the study participants (85.5%) were aware that cervical cancer can
be prevented. Eighty percent of the participants knew about the causative agent of cervical cancer. More than quarter
(33.33%) of the participants was aware about the availability of HPV vaccine in Pakistan however, less than quarter
(17.4%) were aware that HPV vaccine can be given to boys as well. Almost half (49%) of the participants knew about
the number of doses of HPV vaccine. Sixty four percent expressed their consent to receive HPV vaccine while 81.8%
showed their willingness to advice others regarding HPV vaccine.
Conclusion: The level of awareness and knowledge regarding different aspects of cervical cancer and HPV vaccine
and attitude of medical students towards HPV vaccine is appreciable however still an appreciable number of students
are unaware regarding different aspects of HPV vaccine which needs to be addressed in order to pave a way towards
effective vaccination program to decrease the incidence of cervical cancers and HPV related infections.
Keywords: Human papilloma virus, medical students, awareness, vaccine