EVALUATION OF DEPRESSION AMONG MEDICAL AND NON-MEDICAL STUDENTS: A CASE OF PESHAWAR, PAKISTAN

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background: In our daily life every one experiences some un happiness, mostly due to change, either from losing of 
something or may be due to everyday misery. These painful feelings are usually appropriate and temporary. However, 
when sadness persists and impairs daily life, it may be an indication of a depressive disorder. Duration, severity and 
presence of other symptoms are the factors that distinguish normal sadness from clinical depression. Clinical de-
pression is classified a mood disorder. The main subtypes are Major depression, Dysthmia( Longstanding but milder 
depression) and Atypical depression. Other depressive disorders include pre menstrual dysphoric (PDD or PMDD) 
and Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
Objectives: To determine depression level among medical and non medical students
Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 300 subjects of the same age group. A scale was devised 
on the basis of DSM-IV criteria for Depression and was standardized. Data was entered and analyzed using Microsoft 
Excel and SPSS v17.
Results: Out of 300 students, all the 300 students completed the questionnaire and the response rate was 100%. The 
mean age of the participants was 20.36 +/- 1.8. Using DSM IV criteria it was found that depression was highest among 
female medical students that was 78.4% (n=40) , followed by non-medical male students 61.6% (n= 56) and medical 
male students 59.6% (n=59). The lowest level of depression was found among female non medical students, 57.6% 
(n=34).
Conclusion: It was concluded from the results that Hospital prevalence of depression is highest among female medical 
students and non medical female students are less vulnerable to depression among all groups.
Key Words: Depression level. Medical non Medical Students

Authors: 
Muhammad Arif
Aimal Khan
Sehrish Irfan
Zara Arif,
Farhan khan
Shamsud Din
Journal Issue: 

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