FACTORS AFFECTING THE CONTRACEPTIVE PRACTICES OF WOMEN IN GYNAE & OBS UNIT OF TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF KHYBER PUKHTUN KHWA
Objective: To determine the factors affecting the knowledge and practices regarding family planning amongst women
of reproductive age (15-49) years of Khyber Pakhtun Khwa.
Material and Methods: The study was conducted in Gynae department of Hayatabad Medical Complex, over a period
of 6 months (January –June 2013).
Study Design: This was a cross sectional study. 202 women were taken randomly from Gynae A depatment . Women
with history of infertility were excluded from the study. All information including age, ethnicity, parity, educational status
and profession were recorded on a predesigned proforma. Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding contraception
were noted. All the data was entered in Statistical Package SPSS version 10 and results obtained.
Results: In our study 202 women were included, mean age was 30 years. Only 58% women had knowledge of contraception
and had used any one method of family planning in their life time. Maximum users were in age group of 35
years or more. Contraceptive use in our study was 76.5% in women having more than secondary level of education,
while it was 52% in illiterate group. Although multiple methods of contraception were used by individuals, yet condoms
were found to be the most popular method. Wish to extend the family (18.3%) followed by desire to have a male child
(9.9%) were common reasons for not using contraceptives. 40.6% of the women were self motivated for using family
Conclusions: Contraceptive use in our study was found to be consistent with the studies done in other area of Pakistan.
Female education, awareness & proper counseling can increase the contraceptive prevalence in Khyber Pakhtun Khwa.
Key Words: Family planning, contra captive knowledge, attitude and practice