FREQUENCY OF MICROALBUMINURIA IN ESSENTIAL HYPERTENSION
Objective: To determine the frequency of microalbuminuria in the patients of essential hypertension.
Methodology: We enrolled 273 consecutive patients with essential hypertension for this study. The patients were col-
lected from the medical unit Hayatabad Medical Complex Peshawar. The working diagnosis of hypertension was made
on the basis of history of hypertension or a blood pressure of 160/90 or above. Patients with any evidence of secondary
hypertension on the basis of previous history or investigations, were excluded from the study. Diabetic patients and
patients with reasons other than hypertension for albuminurea, were also excluded from the study. Patients having
albuminurea of upto 300mg/24 hours urine specimen, were labeled as having microalbuminurea.
Results: This study was conducted in Medical Unit, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar. Two hundred and seventy
three hypertensive patients were enrolled for the study. Duration of this study was 8 months from December 2014 to
Out of 273 patients, 54.7% (n=150) were males while 45.3 % (n=123) were females. Mean age in years was 57.01
years. Microalbuminuria was found to be present in 24.5 % (n=67) patients.
Conclusion: The prevalence of microalbuminuria in essential hypertension is high and patient with microalbuminuria
have high odd for developing target organ damage like stroke, left ventricular hypertrophy, hypertensive nephropathy
and hypertensive retinopathy. Early screening of hypertensives for microalbuminria and prompt treatment of positive
cases might reduce the burden of mentioned complications in community.
Key words: Chronic kidney disease, essential hypertension, Microalbuminuria, Target organ damage.