FREQUENCY OF RISK FACTORS IN PA STROKE: FREQUENCY OF RISK FACTORS IN PATIENTS TIENTS ADMIT
Objective: To determine the frequency of various risk factors for stroke and its sub-types among males and females.
Design: Cross sectional/Observational study.
Place And Duration Of Study: The study was conducted at the Medical Department of Mardan Medical Complex
Mardan from january 2011 to january 2012.
Material And Methods: Patients with features of stroke confirmed by CT scan brain were enrolled. Brain imaging
showing abnormality e.g. brain tumour, meningitis, multiple sclerosis and metabolic derangements that could ex-
plain focal neurologic deficit were the exclusion parameters. The frequency of various risk factors for stroke and its
types among males and fe-males were evaluated.
Results: Out of total 100 patients, 78(78%) presented with infarction stroke and 22(22%) with hemorrhagic stroke.
Their mean age at presentation was 56.89 with SD=8.92 years. Hypertension 35(59.3%) and smoking 18(94.7%)
were the most important risk factors among males, while the presence of diabetes mellitus 16(55.2%) and IHD
10(62.5%) were found to be more common among females. Forty-two (42%) and 11(11%) males, while 36(36.3%)
and 11(11%) females suffering from cerebral infarction and cerebral hemorrhage respectively. In-hospital mortality
Conclusion: Frequency of various risk factors was high in this study which is similar to that observed in developed
countries. Hypertension and smoking were the major risk factors for males, while diabetes mellitus and IHD were
more common in females. We did not find any significant gender difference between the two stroke types.
Category: Internal Medicine
Key Words: Hypertension, Ischemic strokes, Intra cerebral hemorrhage, Diabetes mellitus, Ischemic heart disease.