INJURIES AND VIOLENCE WITH ASSOCIATED FACTORS RESENTING AT EMERGENCY DEPARTMENTS OF TERTIARY CARE HOSPITALS IN PESHAWAR
Background: A number of intentional & unintentional injuries are affecting lives of people daily. Road traffic accidents,
falls, occupational injuries, intentional attacks, terrorism and domestic violence are eliminating lives as if they hold no
price. Study objectives are determining various patterns of injuries presenting at emergency departments of tertiary
care hospitals of Peshawar and factors contributing towards them.
Method: A cross sectional study was conducted in three tertiary care hospitals of Peshawar, namely Lady Reading
hospital, Khyber Teaching hospital and Hayatabad Medical Complex. Study tool as questionnaire was used to deter-
mine the outcome of injuries presenting at emergency departments on sample size of 300 patients. Data was analyzed
in excel & SPSS.
Results: The results showed that 58.7% suffered unintentional injuries while 41% suffered intentional injuries and 0.3%
were self-inflicted. These were mostly among age group 15-25 and 26-35, mostly males. The major contributing factors
were lack of protective measures (48%) and poor road conditions (3%) in road traffic injuries. Fractures and cut wounds
were most common especially in younger age groups.
Conclusion: It was concluded that injuries reported as unintentional injuries were highest. It was contributing majorly
towards morbidity and mortality of people, especially laborers and students. Lack of preventive measures was the
highlighted risk factor in these injuries. Intentional injuries were also making major contribution and reflected social,
cultural and psychological to be responsible.
Key Words: Injuries, Violence, Intentional, Unintentional