SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS AND IT’S SEVERITY IN PATIENTS SUFFERING FROM LONGSTANDING AURAL SUPPURATION – AN EXPERIENCE AT A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Objective: The aim of the study is to; Determine the frequency of sensorineural hearing loss in patients suffering from
chronic suppurative otitis media. Quantify the severity of sensorineural hearing loss in relation to the duration of aural
suppuration.
Methods: This study was conducted in the Department of ENT at Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, during the
period from July 1, 2018 to January 31, 2019. Patients presenting with ear discharge were included in the study to determine
the frequency of SNHL and its severity in relation to the duration of suppuration. The severity of sensorineural
hearing loss was categorized into mild, moderate, severe and profound.
Results: Out of a total of 150 patients, there were 85 males and 65 females. The ages ranged from 12 to 40 years with
a mean age of 23.76 years and a standard deviation of +/- 8.173. Sensorineural hearing loss was diagnosed in 36.7%
of patients presenting with chronic otorrhoea. “Moderate” degree of hearing loss was recorded in 18.7%.
Conclusions: Chronic suppurative otitis media causes sensorineural hearing loss in addition to conductive hearing
loss. As SNHL is irreversible in most cases, therefore, prompt and timely treatment of this condition can prevent sensorineural

Authors: 
Khurshid Anwar1
Shehryar Khan
Mohammad Javaid
Isteraj Shahabi1

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