Frequency of Congenital Heart Diseases in Children of Age 2 Months to 5 Years with Heart Murmur

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Habib Ur Rahman
Ansar Hussain
Khalil Ahmad
Sardar Khan
Muhammad Idrees
Abid Imran


Background and Objective: The primary aim of our research work is determining the frequency of
congenital heart disease in children of age 2 months to 5 years with heart murmur.
Materials and Methodology: This is a descriptive cross-sectional research that was carried out in
Department of Pediatrics, Saidu Teaching Hospital from July 2019 to June 2020.
This study included 150 children with heart murmur. An approval from hospital ethical committee and
informed written consent from the parents/guardian of the cases were taken. A detailed clinical
examination was performed in an inaudible room with the help of a stethoscope. For confirmation of
congenital heart disease echocardiography was performed. Congenial heart disease was graded
based on the variations in age and gender. We applied a diagnostic test termed as Chi-square after
data stratification and considered the p value less than 0.05 as pertinent.
Performance validation and Results: Our study shows that 59% patients were in the range of 2 to 5
years while 41% patients were found to be age less than 2 years. The Mean age was considered as 1
year with Standard Deviation (SD) of ± 1.26. The male and female patients’ ratio was 56:44. The
incidence of congenital heart disease with heart murmur was found in 58% patients in our study.
Conclusion: The major finding of our work reveals that frequency of congenital heart disease with
heart murmur was found in 58% patients in our setup among patients in the age range of 2 months to
5 years.

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