The prevalence of gestational diabetes in women of child bearing age belonging to K.P.K

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Bushra Gul
Saima Mehboob
Sumaira Qayuom
Muhammad Daud


Abstract: This study was conducted with an aim to determine the prevalence of GDM in pregnant
women using standard OGTT as a screening tool presenting to the antenatal care. After approval
from the hospital ethical and research committee this cross sectional study was conducted in the
department of obstetrics and gynecology, Khyber Teaching Hospital, and it included patients recruited
through non probability consecutive sampling, presenting to OPD. A total of 126 patients were
included in the study, with 16 to 28 weeks gestation. Screening for GDM was done with a 2 hour 75 g,
oral glucose tolerance test. Patients were advised to have unrestricted diet and physical activity and
come in the morning with overnight fasting. They were given 75g oral glucose load, in the form of
Galaxose-D dissolved in 250ml of tap. A sample of blood was drawn one hour after glucose ingestion
and send to the laboratory for blood glucose estimation by glucose oxidase hexokinase method.
Blood sugar was estimated at 1 hour, 2 hour and 3 hour intervals and the findings were recorded on a
structured Performa. Results were analyzed using SPSS version 13.

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