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Qudsia Qazi
Ghazala Shams
Nazia Liaqat
Wajeeha Syed
Shahzadi Saima Hussain
Fauzia Afridi


Objective: To determine the success of induction of labor in breech presentation at term in terms of successful vaginal delivery.

Methodology: This descriptive case series was conducted out in Obstetrics department of Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar from April 2021-March 2022. We included all Para 1 - 5 having single alive fetus with frank or complete breech at term, visiting Gynecologic and Obstetrics department of institute, until required sample size is obtained. Ethical approval was obtained and proformas were filled regarding their characteristics.

Results: Our study included 50 women induced for breech presentation at term, 43 (86%) of them delivered via vaginal route and 7 (14%) by emergency cesarean section. Mode of delivery was not associated with age groups and parity. (p value > 0.05).  Fetal distress was most common indication for cesarean section (42.9% of cesarean sections).

Conclusion: In carefully selected women with breech presentation Induction of labor (IOL) can yield encouraging results.

Article Details

Original Article
Author Biographies

Qudsia Qazi, Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar

AS Primary Author

Associate Professor

Gynaecology and Obstetrics Department

Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar

Ghazala Shams, Hayatabad Medical Complex Peshawar

AS Corresponding Author

Associate Professor Gyne and Obstetrics Department

Hayatabad Medical Complex Peshawar

Nazia Liaqat, Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar

Third Author

Assistant professor

Gynecology and obstetrics Department 

Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar

Wajeeha Syed, Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar

Fourth author

Assisstant professor

Gynecology and Obstetrics Department

Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar

Shahzadi Saima Hussain, Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar

As Fifth Author 

Assisstant Professor 

Gynecology  and  Obsterics Department

Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar

Fauzia Afridi, Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar

As Sixth Author

Assisstant Professor

Gynecology and Obstetrics Department

Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar

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