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Objective: The objective of our study is to investigate the association between Body mass Index and Bone Mineral Density in association with age and gender.
Methods: A cross sectional observational study was conducted from January 2020 to 2022 at Radiology Department of Hayatabad Medical Complex on individuals referred for DEXA scan. Association was assessed between Bone Mineral Density and Body mass Index in both male, pre and post-menopausal female.
Results: Out of 270 individuals 28.1% were male and 71.9% were female. Mean age was 51+/- 17.05 SD. 39.4% of male had BMI in range of overweight and obese, as opposed to female (86.5%). Increased BMI and decreased BMD was observed in age range of 41-70 years (p <0.05). 26% of post-menopausal female showed osteoporosis as compared to pre-menopausal (20%) (p <0.05).
Conclusion: There is increased risk of osteoporosis with increasing age. Post-menopausal female with increased BMI had decreased BMD.